INDONEWTRAVEL.COM - Coral reefs are a group of coral animals that live in symbiosis with a type of algae plant. They form coral colonies consisting of thousands of tiny animals called polyps. The diversity of coral reef ecosystems often makes it an underwater paradise of the world.

And as a maritime country, Indonesia has a lot of marine park tours. These marine park tours can also be used for surfing lovers, in addition to relieving fatigue after work, can also be used as eye wash and eye reflection due to seeing the beauty of the underwater park.

Here are 5 exotic Indonesian marine parks based on the beauty of their coral reefs:

1. Raja Ampat Marine Park

The Raja Ampat Islands are located northwest of the Bird's Head, Papua Island, with approximately 1500 small islands and atolls as well as 4 major islands, namely Misol, Salawati, Bantata and Waigeo. This area is approximately 4 million square hectares of land and sea – including parts of Cendrawasih Bay – making it the largest marine park in Indonesia.

Raja Ampat's marine life and biota are the richest and most diverse of all marine park areas in the world's coral triangle region, the Philippines – Indonesia – Papua New Guinea. This coral triangle is the heart of the world's coral reef wealth which is protected and determined based on the international conservation of nature protection.

2. Wakatobi Marine Park

Wakatobi Marine Park, is the name of a national marine park area included in the Wakatobi Regency, Southeast Sulawesi Province, which was established by the government in 1996, with a total area of ​​1.39 million hectares. Wakatobi National Marine Park, apart from being a paradise in the center of the World's Coral Reefs, is also a marine tourism object for underwater adventurers. Within this area, you can find a lot of marine biodiversity, both in terms of scale and coral condition, which occupies one of the priorities. highest level of marine conservation in Indonesia. Even today, the Wakatobi National Marine Park area has officially become the world's underwater research center.

With very varied water depths, the deepest part is up to 1 kilometer below sea level and the number of coral reef ecosystems is 875 species (the number of coral reef species is only 100 species adrift of the number of coral reef species in the Caribbean Sea which has 850 coral reef species). world) as well as 600 species of fish and other marine biota.

3. Bunaken National Park

Bunaken National Park is a marine park located in North Sulawesi, Indonesia. The park is located in the Coral Triangle, home to 390 species of coral reefs as well as various species of fish, molluscs, reptiles and marine mammals. Bunaken National Park is a representative of Indonesia's marine ecosystem, including sea grass, coral reefs and coastal ecosystems. This national park was founded in 1991 and covers an area of ​​890.65 km². 97% of the national park is marine habitat, while the remaining 3% is land, covering five islands: Bunaken, Manado Tua, Mantehage, Naen and Siladen.

Bunaken National Park has a very rich coral reef ecosystem. There are about 390 species of coral reefs in this area. The algae species that can be found in Bunaken National Park are Caulerpa, Halimeda and Padina, while the most common seaweed species are Thalassia hemprichii, Enhallus acoroides, and Thalassaodendron ciliatum. Bunaken National Park also has various species of fish, marine mammals, reptiles, birds, mollusks and mangroves. About 90 species of fish live in the waters of this region.

On land, the island is rich in Arecaceae, sago, woka, silar and coconut. In addition, Bunaken National Park also has animal species that live on land, such as deer and cuscus. The mangrove forest in this park is a habitat for crabs, lobsters, mollusks and seabirds.

4. Banda Marine Park

Banda Marine Park is located between the Neira island group, Gunung Api island, Ai island, Sjahrir island and Hatta island located in Central Maluku district, is one of the most beautiful marine parks in the world. The Ecological Study of the Banda Islands, shows that the coral reefs in Banda have an extraordinary biodiversity, with 310 types of reef-building corals, about 871 species of fish, and very high populations of sharks and groupers. The Banda Islands were later proposed as a World Heritage Area.

Because of the beauty of its corals and marine life, around 2006 the Banda Sea was chosen as a World Heritage Area for an underwater paradise in Indonesia, beating out the marine parks in the islands of Raja Ampat (West Papua), Bunaken (North Sulawesi), Wakatobi (Southeast Sulawesi) and Berau. (East Kalimantan).

5. Karimun Jawa Marine Park

Karimunjawa National Park consists of 22 islands and has five types of ecosystems, namely coral reefs, seagrass and seaweed fields, mangrove forests, coastal forests, and lowland tropical rain forests. Cordia subcordata), Setigi (Pemphis acudula) and protected fauna such as Green Turtle (Chelonia mydas), Hawksbill Turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata), Golden Junai (Caloenas nicobarica), and Gelung Conch (Nautilus pompillus).

Karimunjawa National Park is famous as one of the marine tourism destinations favored by tourists, both domestic and foreign tourists. Various tourist attractions such as the beauty of the underwater world, beach panoramas, sunsets, and the culture of the local community are attractions that invite admiration.

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